INDEX OF PHYSICAL ASPECTS OF BOTTLES
INCLUDING MATERIALS, MOTIFS, MARKS, ETC.
 

B

BASE MARKS.

    Blue and white porcelain, 31–2:18

    Guangxu, 36–2:27

    Guyue Xuan, 35–2:35; 38–1:16, 28–30; 39–3:37, 41

    Jiang xiaofeng, 36–3:38

    Jiaqing, 35–2:15–16

    Kangxi, 32–2:5, 6, 7, 8; 37–3:7; 39–3:40

    Porcelain snuff bottles, 31–3:24–25

    Qianlong, 31–3:8; 32–1:40; 34–2:30; 35–2:7–19; 36–2:13; 37–3:7; 45–1:41

    Representational marks, 31–3:24–25

    Scholar snuff bottles, 32–1:5

    Yangzhou, 38–1:31–32

    Yongzheng, 32–1:16; 32–2:10, 11, 12; 37–3:7

    See also HALLMARKS; REIGN MARKS; SEAL MARKS

BUBBLES OF ENTRAPPED AIR OR WATER, 31–3:10–11

 

C

CYLINDRICAL BOTTLES, blue and white porcelain, 31–2:14

 

D

DOUBLE BOTTLES

    Chalcedony, 34–1:18

    Crystal, inside-painted, 45–3:8

    Hero vase, 35–1:8

    Porcelain, 30–1:11; 30–3:12

    Qianlong imperial poems, 38–2:11

    Sedan–chair vase form, 35–2:13–14

    Twin–fish motif, 30–1:27

 

H

HALLMARKS

    associated artists, 31–3:11

    Daoguang, 31–3:14

    Hall of Constancy (xingyouheng tang), 30–1:30; 34–1:35; 35–1:19

    Jiaqing, 31–3:14

    Qianlong, 31–3:14–15

    Xingyouheng Tang, 39–1:21–22

    Yijin (Yizhin) Zhai, 36–2:7; 37–1:34

    Ziaquan, 32–3:33

HEXAGONAL BOTTLES, 30–3:13

    Enameled porcelain, 45–2:35

 

I

INSIDEPAINTED BOTTLES

    Animal motifs, 35–2:21

    Aquatic scene, 39–3:9

    Auctions

      Hong Kong 1997, 30–1:30–31

      Hong Kong 1998, 30–3:32

      Hong Kong 2000, 32–3:31–33, 34–36

      Hong Kong 2004, 36–2:38, 39, 40

      Hong Kong 2013, 45–2:39; 45–3:45

      London 1999, 33–1:34

      London 2001, 33–2:37; 33–3:34

      London 2002, 34–2:31

      London 2003, 35–2:37

      London 2004, 36–2:33

      London 2005, 37–3:43

      London 2006, 38–2:45–46

      London 2007, 39–3:34, 35

      New York 1998, 30–3:25, 27; 30–4:32, 35

      New York 1999, 31–2:34–35

      New York 2000, 32–1:36, 39; 32–3:29

      New York 2001, 33–1:33; 33–3:30

      New York 2002, 34–1:33–34

      New York 2003, 35–1:25, 30

      New York 2004, 36–1:38–39, 40

      New York 2005, 37–1:30, 31–32, 35–36

      New York 2007, 39–3:38

      New York 2013, 45–1:39–40

      Robert C. Eldred Co. 2007, 39–2:47–48

    Autumn landscape, 39–3:12

    Bamboo, 39–3:14

    Calligraphy, 34–3:10–13, 17

    Carp, 39–3:14

    Chinese painting in general and, 31–2:31–32; 36–2:8–9

    Cockfighting motif, 37–2:15

    Cover bottles, 34–3:3; 35–3:3, 33

    Crane beneath pines, 38–1:40–42

    Crane collection, 39–3:19–20

    Cranes flying, 39–3:12

    Crystal double bottle, 45–3:8

    Cultural Revolution era, 38–2:44

    Dog images, 38–2:20, 21–26

    Dragon motif, 32–2:21

    Eight Brokens, 39–3:11, 12

    European subjects, 35–1:7; 37–2:10–11

    Figure in sampan watching geese, 34–1:4

    Fish among weeds, 34–1:14

    Hair crystal bottle, 45–3:8

    Herdboy motif, 30–1:16–17, 20, 22

    Horse, 34–2:7; 39–3:13 and willow, 34–2:6

    Japanese lady, 35–1:7–8

    Landscape, 38–1:14; 45–3:7–8

      mountainous, 45–3:45

    Large bottles, 35–1:21–22

    Lotus motif, 35–1:30; 39–3:14

    Minnows swimming, 39–3:12

    Modern and contemporary, 33–1:36–39; 34–2:35–37; 39–3:8–17

    Monkey motif, 36–3:5, 6, 7

    Montage composition, 35–3:12

    Pomegranates, 39–3:17

    Portrait bottles, 30–2:27; 30–4:32; 39–3:42–43

      auction, 39–2:47–48; 45–2:37

      cover bottles, 33–3:3; 34–3:3; 35–3:3,

      Empress Dowager Cixi, 39–3:11

      European subjects, 37–2:10–11

      Hao Shouchen, 36–2:39; 37–1:30

      Hong Kong 2000 auction, 32–3:32–33, 34–36

      Huangxing, 33–3:3

      Liu Guanxiong, 33–3:3

      Li Yanting, 37–1:30

      Manchu official, 45–2:39

      Na Dong'a, 45–2:37

      President Wilson, 37–2:11

      Prince Su, 33–3:3

      Qiao sisters, 35–1:25

      Quingquan, 33–3:3

      record auction price, 36–2:40

      Tan Xanpei as Huang Zhong, 30–4:32; 32–1:36; 32–3:32; 34–2:31

      Wang Xisan (self–portrait), 39–3:17

      Ye Zhongsan, 39–3:40

      Yian, 33–3:3

      Yin Chang, 35–1:30

      Yuan Shi Kai, 33–3:3

    Qing dynasty, 34–1:15–16, 17; 38–3:38–39

    Rabbit motif, 31–3:20, 21, 22

    Record auction prices, 32–3:35–36; 36–2:39, 40

    Rock crystal, 33–1:34

    Scholar motif, 34–2:18

    Spring night feast, 39–3:10

    Style of Xinluo Shanjen, 31–2:5

    Tiger motif, 30–4:7, 8

    Winter landscape, 39–3:10, 16

 

M

MATERIALS

    Agate snuff bottles, 39–3:28, 29

      auctions

        Beijing 2005, 37–3:47

        Eldred 2007, 39–2:48

        Hong Kong 1998, 30–3:29, 32

        Hong Kong 2000, 32–3:35

        Hong Kong 2013, 45–3:44

        London 1999, 33–1:34–35

        London 2001, 33–2:37; 33–3:33–34

        London 2002, 34–2:30

        London 2003, 35–2:36

        London 2004, 36–3:36–37

        New York 1998, 30–3:26; 30–4:33–34

        New York 1999, 31–2:33, 35

        New York 2000, 32–1:37, 40; 32–3:29

        New York 2001, 33–1:33; 33–3:31, 32

        New York 2002, 34–1:34

        New York 2003, 35–1:25, 28, 30

        New York 2004, 36–1:36, 39

        New York 2005, 37–1:31, 37–38

        New York 2007, 39–1:38, 39

        New York 2013, 45–1:40, 41–42

      boatman and bowman motif, 35–2:40

      calligraphy, 34–3:14–15

      carved deer form, 39–1:38

      circular bottle, 38–2:38

      cover bottles, 37–3:3

      embellished by Tsuda family, 31–2:3

      European subjects and styles, 37–2:8

      farming and rural life, 30–1:15

      figures in boat, 34–3:40

      with Four Noble Professions, 45–1:40

      glass imitations, 30–2:16, 17, 18

      grasshopper and lotus, 33–2:35

      horse motif, 30–3:24; 33–2:36; 34–2:7, 8

      inclusions depicting bird on rock, 35–2:34

      inkplay, 33–1:34, 35

      macaroni, 45–1:41–42

      Meng Haoran, 45–3:44

      monkey motif, 36–3:7, 11

      monkey–shaped, 36–3:6

      new bottles, 31–2:26–28, 30

      ox under the moon, 30–1:24

      Red Cliff theme, 36–3:22

      scholar art, 32–1:15–16

      Suzhou, 30–1:29; 30–3:26; 31–2:27, 28; 32–1:37; 33–1:35; 33–2:37; 33–3:32; 35–2:36; 36–3:36–37; 37–1:31, 38; 37–3:3, 42; 45–1:40

      tiger motif, 30–4:5

    Amber material, 32–1:11–12

    Amber snuff bottles, 45–1:26

      Auctions

        Hong Kong 2004, 36–2:39, 40

        Hong Kong 2013, 45–2:41; 45–3:47

        London 1999, 33–1:36

        London 2004, 36–2:33

        New York 1998, 30–3:25, 26; 30–4:33

        New York 1999, 31–2:36

        New York 2000, 32–1:40

        New York 2001, 33–1:34; 33–3:31

        New York 2002, 34–1:34

        New York 2003, 35–1:28

        New York 2005, 37–1:31, 35

        New York 2013, 45–3:39

      Baltic, with brown streaks, 45–3:3

      bee, butterfly, cat, tiger, 30–4:11

      cat–and–mouse motif, 35–1:5

      cover bottles, 45–3:3

      Daoist Immortals, 45–3:14

      deer, 45–3:39

      dog motif, 38–2:15

      double gourd shape, 45–3:20, 47

      glass imitations, 30–2:10; 35–3:3, 19, 21

      inscribed poem, 45–2:41

      lion motif, 33–3:6

      mask–and–ring handles, 34–1:18

      new bottles, 31–2:28

      phoenix motif, 33–2:3

      rabbit shape, 31–3:21

      squirrel motif, 33–1:10

      with calligraphy, 34–3:7

    Amethyst snuff bottles

      auctions

        Hong Kong 2000, 32–3:35

        New York 2002, 34–1:34

      cover bottles, 39–3:3

      with entrapped air bubble, 31–3:10–11

      glass imitations, 30–2:17, 18

      pebble, 31–3:10

      story of Su Wu Mu Yang, 33–2:3

    Antlers, 33–2:25–26

    Aquamarine snuff bottles

      auctions

        Hong Kong 2000, 32–3:32

        London 1999, 33–1:35

        New York 1998, 30–4:33, 35

      glass imitations, 30–2:16, 17; 35–3:20

      rectangular, 45–1:37–38

    Aragonite snuff bottles

      European subjects and styles, 37–2:8

      glass imitation, 35–3:3, 20

      mask–and–ring handles, 34–1:20

    Aventurine, material, 30–2:9

    Aventurine snuff bottles, 36–1:17–18, 21, 25

      auctions

        Hong Kong 1998, 30–3:28

        New York 2004, 36–1:35–36

    Bamboo material, 32–1:11

      auction, 39–1:39

    Bamboo snuff bottles

      auctions

        Beijing 2005, 37–3:47

        New York 2001, 33–1:35

        New York 2002, 34–1:34

      carved wave design, 35–2:39

      herdboy motif, 30–1:20

      kui dragon motif, 33–3:14

      new bottles, 31–2:29, 36

    Bone, material, 33–2:24–25

    Bone snuff bottles

      inlay (cover bottle), 30–1:3

      See also MATERIALS, Ivory and horn snuff bottles

    Brass snuff bottles, 30–1:28

    Bronze, material, porcelain imitation of, 30–3:16

    Bronze snuff bottles, 34–3:40; 37–3:11

      auctions

        Beijing 2005, 37–3:47

        New York 1999, 31–2:36

        New York 2005, 37–1:38

      black and white jade, 35–1:30

      double gourd, 34–3:39

      Shunzhi, 39–1:16

    Calcite, glass imitation of, 35–3:3

    Carnelian snuff bottles, 32–1:16

      auction, London 1999, 33–1:35

      basket form, 31–3:19

      fish shape, 34–2:28

      hero vase, 35–1:8

    Celadon, modern Yixing, 34–2:25–26

    Chalcedony snuff bottles, 34–1:19; 36–2:7

      auctions

        Hong Kong 1997, 30–1:28–29

        Hong Kong 1998, 30–3:29

        Hong Kong 2004, 36–2:38

        Hong Kong 2013, 45–2:36, 38

        London 2003, 35–3:36

        New York 1999, 31–2:35

      banded, 34–1:21

      cricket cage, 30–2:13

      dendritic, 45–2:38

      double bottle, 34–1:18

      double gourd, 34–2:29

      dragon motif, 32–2:29, 30

      embellished by Tsuda family, 31–2:3

      figure picking linghzi, 45–2:36

      glass imitations, 35–3:20

      horse motif, 34–2:4, 6, 8, 10

        cover bottle, 31–1:3

        dragon and, 35–1:4–5

      hunting scene, 31–3:18

      large bottle, 35–1:23

      macaroni agate, 34–1:20

      Mi Fu, 45–3:10

      monkey motif, 36–3:8, 10, 11

      old man on donkey, 45–3:10

      sage motif, 34–1:20

      scholar art, 32–1:5

    Chloromelanite, 35–3:23

    Cinnabar lacquer snuff bottles, 32–3:14; 38–3:39

      auctions

        London 2004, 36–3:38

        New York 1998, 30–3:25

        New York 2000, 32–1:37

        New York 2003, 35–1:28

        New York 2013, 45–1:41

      bats and shou character, 33–3:17

      European motif, 37–2:6

      imperial workshop, 33–2:3

      lotus motif, 38–2:38

      new bottles, 31–2:29, 36

      porcelain imitation of, 30–3:14–15

      warrior motif, 33–3:19

    Citrine snuff bottle, 35–1:28

    Cloisonné

      auctions

        London 2004, 36–3:38

        New York 2003, 35–1:29

        New York 2007, 39–1:37–38

      cranes and pine, 31–2:33; 33–1:12

      development in China, 30–3:12–13

      famille–rose, 32–2:12–13

      porcelain in imitation of, 30–3:8–9, 12–13;45–2:39

    Coconut snuff bottles, 32–1:11; 45–2:4–32

      auctions

        Hong Kong 1997, 30–1:28

        Hong Kong 2004, 36–2:40

        London 2006, 38–2:43

        New York 2007, 39–1:39

        with calligraphic inscription, 35–3:10

    Copper snuff bottles

      auctions

        Hong Kong 2000, 32–3:36

      with cloisonné, 30–3:11

        See also MATERIALS, Enamel on copper

    Coral, material, 30–2:14

    Coral snuff bottles, 38–3:39

      animal motif, 31–3:22; 36–3:16

      auctions

        Hong Kong 1997, 30–1:28

        Hong Kong 1998, 30–3:29

        Hong Kong 2000, 32–3:32

        New York 1998, 30–4:33

        New York 1999, 31–2:35–36

        New York 2000, 32–1:40

        New York 2001, 33–1:34

        New York 2004, 36–1:39

        Hong Kong 2013, 45–3:46

      bat and fungus (cover bottle), 32–1:3

      Daoist Immortals, 45–3:14

      glass imitations, 30–2:14–15; 35–3:3, 21

      gourd motif (cover bottle), 31–1:3

      horse motif, 34–2:5

    Crystal snuff bottles, 38–1:14

      auctions

        London 1999, 33–1:35

        London 2003, 35–2:37

        New York 2004, 36–1:36

        New York 2013, 45–1:38

      bamboo and mask-and-ring handles, 45–2:34

      double gourd shape, 45–3:20

      coin bottles, 30–1:4–5, 9

      hair, inside-painted, 45–3:8

      hair crystal, 39–3:35

      inside-painted, 45–2:39

      inside-painted double bottle, 45–3:8

      scholar in sampan, 30–1:30

      See also MATERIALS, Rock crystal snuff bottles

    Diamonds, 45–3:6

    Enamel on copper, 30–3:12; 38–2:39; 39–3:40, 41, 42

      auctions

        Hong Kong 1997, 30–1:30

        Hong Kong 1998, 30–3:29–32

        Hong Kong 2000, 32–3:31

        Hong Kong 2004, 36–2:36, 37

        London 2001, 33–2:37

        London 2002, 34–2:30

        New York 1998, 30–3:26, 27; 30–4:32

        New York 1999, 31–2:36

        New York 2000, 32–1:40

        New York 2001, 33–1:33–34; 33–3:32

        New York 2003, 35–1:25, 30–31

        New York 2005, 37–1:29, 32, 33, 35, 36, 37, 38

        New York 2007, 39–3:37

      bat, peach, rock, waves, 30–1:30

      cover, 30–2:22

      double gourd shape painted with double gourds, 45–3:20

      European motifs, 37–2:6, 7; 45–1:9; 45–3:5

      elephant carrying double gourd, 45–3:20–21

      famille–rose, 30–3:22

      imperial workshop, 37–3:5–7

      landscape, 30, 30–1:29

      Oxherd and Weaving Maid, 30–1:21

      peony and bird, 45–3:6

      pouch–shaped bottle, 37–3:41

      rabbit and moon motif, 31–3:19–20, 21

    Enamel on glass, 36–2:6; 37–3:13–17; 38–2:37; 38–3:9; 39–3:23, 41

      auctions

        Beijing 2005, 37–3:45, 46

        Eldred 2007, 39–2:48

        Hong Kong 1998, 30–3:29

        Hong Kong 2000, 32–3:32

        Hong Kong 2004, 36–2:36, 37, 38

        Hong Kong 2013, 45–2:40; 45–3:46, 47

        London 2004, 36–3:37

        London 2005, 37–3:42

        London 2006, 38–2:43, 45

        New York 2000, 32–1:36, 39

        New York 2001, 33–1:34

        New York 2005, 37–1:28, 30

        New York 2007, 39–1:38–39; 39–3:37

        New York 2013, 45–1:38–39, 42

      bamboo shape, 36–2:5

      bird on branch, 35–1:11

      with chilong and lingzhi, 45–3:46

      cover bottles, 30–2:3, 22; 31–3:3; 36–1:3; 45–3:3

      cricket painting (cover bottle), 31–3:3

      double gourd, 34–3:39–40; 45–3:46

      dragon motif, 32–2:26

      famille–rose, 32–2:8, 12, 15 cover bottle, 30–3:3; 45–1:42

      famille–verte, 31–3:3

      farming and rural life, 30–1:18

      figures in garden, 45–3:5

      with flower heads, 45–3:46

      green with flowers, 45–1:42

      Guyue Xuan snuff bottles, 38–1:16–32

      with lotus and leaves, 45–3:3

      record sale price, 36–2:37, 40; 37–1:30, 32

      “split personality,” 35–1:6–7

      Ye family, 39–1:16–17

    Enamel on gold, 37–1:31

    Enamel on metal, 34–2:17; 36–2:4, 6; 39–3:23

      auctions

        New York 2003, 35–1:29

        Hong Kong 2013, 45–2:37, 38, 39, 40; 45–3:44, 45, 47

      cover bottles, 33–2:3; 36–1:3

      European subjects, 37–2:4–5, 6

      famille–rose, 32–2:5–6, 9–10, 12–13

      Guangzhou (cover bottle), 33–2:3

      woman and child, 45–2:37

    Enamel on pottery, 38–3:9

    Enameled porcelain snuff bottles, 35–2:34; 36–2:31–32; 39–1:24, 25, 26

      auctions

        London 2001, 33–2:37

        London 2004, 36–3:36, 37–38

        New York 2001, 33–3:30–31

        New York 2013, 45–1:38

      with boys playing, 45–1:39

      cover bottles, 38–1; 38–3:3

      cricket, 30–4:15

      dog motif, 38–2:16, 31

      doucai decoration, 32–1:35

      dragon-boat festival, 45–3:6

      European subjects, 37–2:7–8

      famille–rose, 30–4:3; 32–2:6–8, 10–12, 13–15, 35; 36–3:36; 38–2:16; 38–3:3

      hexagonal form, 45–2:35

      Hundred Boys, 45–3:6

      Jingdezhen (cover bottle), 38–3:3

      Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, 35–2:36

      reclining lady shape, 35–1:8–9

      students Zhang and Yong–ying, 30–4:15

      tomb bottles, 37–2:21–22

    Fluorite, 34–1:19

    Fossilized clam, 32–1:38

    Fruit–skin snuff bottles, 32–3:6

    new bottles, 31–2:29

    porcelain imitation of, 30–3:18

    Glass, enameled. See MATERIALS, Enamel on glass

    Glass overlay snuff bottles, 37–3:40; 38–2:38; 38–3:39; 39–1:24–25

      auctions

        Hong Kong 1998, 30–3:29

        Hong Kong 2000, 32–3:30–31, 32

        Hong Kong 2004, 36–2:38

        London 2003, 35–3:36, 39–40

        London 2004, 36–3:38

        London 2005, 37–3:42, 43

        London 2006, 38–2:45

        New York 1998, 30–3:27; 30–4:35

        New York 2000, 32–1:36, 37; 32–3:29

        New York 2001, 33–1:32

        New York 2002, 34–1:33

        New York 2003, 35–1:24–25, 26, 29

        New York 2004, 36–1:36, 39

        New York 2005, 37–1:28, 29, 33

        New York 2013, 45–3:40

      bamboo motif, 33–3:12

      calligraphy, 34–3:14–15; 35–3:11; 39–3:29

      cat and butterfly decoration, 33–1:32

      child dragon, 38–3:5

      cover bottles, 30–1:27; 32–1:3; 35–1:3, 11; 35–2:3, 25; 36–2:3; 37–1:3;45–1:3

      cricket on eggplant, 34–1:20

      Daoist Immortals, 45–3:18

      dog motif, 38–2:32

      domesticated animal motif, 30–1:12

      Dong Yong and Weaving Maid, 30–1:20–22

      double gourd motif, 30–4:31–32; 34–1:19

      dragon motif, 32–2:17, 18, 22–29, 31; 34–1:18, 19; 36–2:8

      four qi dragons, 33–2:35

      kui dragon, 33–3:14

      Duanwu festival, 30–4:10

      ducks and lotus, 34–1:21

      duiniu tanqin, 30–1:24

      farming and rural life, 30–1:15, 18, 19

      fisherman, 30–1:27

      fish motif, 34–1:21

      five noxious creatures, 33–2:8

      goat/sheep motif, 35–2:22, 23, 24

      God of Longevity, 30–1:27

      herdboy motif, 30–1:22

      horse motif, 34–2:6, 7, 9, 10

      hunting scene, 31–3:18; 38–2:19

      imperial, 39–2:49

      lilies motif, 30–3:23

      lotus motif, 34–1:21

      lotus pond, 45–3:5

      Manchu script, 32–3:30–31

      monkey motif, 36–3:7, 9, 11, 14, 16

      multiple animal motif, 31–3:22

      new bottles, 31–2:24–25

      origins and early development, 36–1:18–19, 22

      ox motif, 30–1:23

      pink cameo, 38–2:44

      pomegranate motif, 35–1:6

      porcelain imitations of, 35–3:22

      Qianlong period, 36–2:16–18, 20–26, 28

      rabbit motif, 31–3:18

      red, 45–2:34, 35

      rope motif, 33–3:16

      ruby-pink on white, 45–1:40

      scholar art, 32–1:13

      single crane, 33–3:7

      six color, 36–3:38; 45–3:40

      six domesticated animals, 34–2:4; 38–2:16, 17

      snake and turtle motif, 33–2:6

      stag beneath pine tree, 34–3:40

      swimming fish, 45–3:5

      techniques of manufacture, 30–2:15–16; 32–1:27

      tiger motif, 30–4:6, 7, 9, 11–12

      tomb bottles, 37–2:23

      Yangzhou style, 36–2:20–21; 37–3:42, 43; 38–3:36

      yin–yang symbol, 33–3:5

      zodiacal animals, 30–1:11; 31–3:21; 38–2:15

    Glass snuff bottles, 39–1:22; 39–3:41–42

      auctions

        Beijing 2005, 37–3:46

        Hong Kong 1997, 30–1:29

        Hong Kong 1998, 30–3:28–29

        Hong Kong 2000, 32–3:30, 36

        Hong Kong 2004, 36–2:36

        London 1999, 33–1:36–39

        London 2001, 33–3:34

        London 2003, 35–3:38

        London 2004, 36–3:37

        London 2006, 38–2:43

        New York 1998, 30–3:23, 27; 30–4:31–32, 35

        New York 1999, 31–2:33

        New York 2000, 32–1:36–37, 39

        New York 2002, 34–1:33

        New York 2004, 36–1:35–36, 39

        New York 2005, 37–1:33, 37

        New York 2013, 45–1:45–41

        record sale price, 36–2:40

      aventurine inclusions, 36–3:37

      aventurine with gold speckles, 45–3:4

      Bavarian, 32–1:18–19, 21, 22–26

      black, 30–2:12

      black and white, 36–3:37

      blue, 45–1:9

      blue with gold speckles, 45–3:4

      with calligraphic inscription, 35–3:11

      carved Daoist paradise, 45–3:16

      chilongs amidst clouds, 31–2:33

      cover bottles, 35–2:3, 25; 35–3:3; 37–1:3; 38–2:3; 39–3:3

      crizzling, 34–3:38; 35–3:38; 36–1:15, 16, 17; 37–2:24

      dragon motif, 32–2:23; 35–2:34

      evolution in China, 45–3:4

      kui dragon, 33–3:14

      pink overlay dragon, 30–2:30

      purple glass with chi dragons, 34–3:38

      European subjects and styles, 37–2:8, 9

      evolution in China, 32–1:19–22, 25–26

      faceted, 35–3:38–39; 36–1:20–21; 36–2:13–14

      famille–rose enamel, 30–3:3, 22

      gold flecks in blue bottles, 35–3:17–18; 36–1:17–18

      gourd–shaped, 36–2:4

      imitations of other materials, 30–2:4–18; 34–1:21; 35–3:3, 17–22, 23; 38–1:11; 45–3:3,45–3:4

      large bottle, 35–1:23

      lotus, 45–1:30, 45–41

      mallow flower, 33–3:13

      metal–encased, 31–3:15–16

      monochromes, 36–2:30–31

      mother–of–pearl embellishment, 31–2:34

      new bottles, 31–2:22–25, 30

      Official Script calligraphy, 34–3:8

      pink lotus leaves, 31–2:34

      Qing dynasty, 34–1:15; 36–1:13–27; 36–2:12–29

      red glass technique, 36–1:16–17

      ruyi motif, 33–3:10

      sandwiched glass, 36–2:14–15; 38–2:46

      scholar art, 32–1:12–13

      taotie mask motif, 33–3:18

      teal, 31–2:34

      techniques of manufacture, 32–1:27

      tomb bottles, 37–2:21, 22–25

      turquoise, 39–1:22–23

      wave pattern, 35–3:38

      Xihushui color, 32–1:37

      yellow, carved, 38–3:39; 39–1:22–23

      yellow with wavy lines, 35–1:27

      Yixing panels, 33–3:34

      zodiacal animal motif, 32–2:17

      See also MATERIALS, Glass overlay snuff bottles

    Gold snuff bottles, 39–2:4–17

      with enamel and diamonds, 45–3:6

    Gourd snuff bottles

      auction, New York 2001, 33–1:34

      carved as double gourd, 45–3:18, 19

      chased trees and rocks, 45–3:9

      cover bottle, 31–1:3

      new bottles, 31–2:29–30, 36

    Hornbill, 33–2:27

      auctions

        Hong Kong 2000, 32–3:35

        London 2005, 37–3:44

        New York 1998, 30–3:27

        New York 2001, 33–1:34

        New York 2005, 37–1:31

        New York 2007, 39–1:39

      calligraphy, 34–3:17–18

      dragons and lingzhi, 33–2:35–36

    Horn snuff bottles. See MATERIALS, Ivory and horn snuff bottles

    Imitations, 35–3:13–23

    in glass, 30–2:4–18; 32–1:12, 14; 33–3:34–35; 35–3:17–22, 23

    in porcelain, 30–3:4–20; 33–3:34–35; 35–3:22–23; 45–3:7

    Inkstone material, 32–3:17; 36–2:8

    Inkstone snuff bottles, 32–3:17–18; 38–3:9; 39–3:29

      auctions

        New York 2000, 32–1:38

        New York 2005, 37–1:36–37

      calligraphy, 34–3:18

      two–dragons motif, 36–2:9

    Ivory, material

      babirusa (pig deer), 33–2:23

      boar, 33–2:22–23

      Daoist emblems, 45–3:22

      Daoist Immortals, 45–3:17

      dugong, 33–2:23–24

      elephant, 33–2:13–14

      elephants carved on, 45–3:21

      elk, 33–2:24

      hippopotamus, 33–2:16–18

      identification and testing, 33–2:12–13

      laws governing, 33–2:29–34

      mammoth, 33–2:14–15

      seal, 33–2:24

      spoons, 37–2:25

      substitutes, 33–2:24–29

      walrus, 33–2:15–16

      warthog, 33–2:21–22

      whale, 33–2:18–21

    Ivory and horn snuff bottles, 32–1:18; 38–2:37

      auctions

        London 2005, 37–3:44

        New York 1998, 30–3:27; 30–4:33

        New York 2000, 32–1:40

        New York 2001, 33–1:34, 35

        New York 2002, 34–1:34

        New York 2005, 37–1:30–31

        New York 2007, 39–1:39

      beauties in garden, 30–4:14

      carp motif, 34–1:18

      cover bottles, 32–1:3, 32; 32–2:3; 36–3:3

      dog motif, 38–2:20

      dragon motif, 32–2:30

      farming and rural life, 30–1:15

      gentleman with attendant, 34–2:16

      imitation of other materials in, 35–3:19, 23

      lacquer insets (cover bottle), 32–1:3

      new bottles, 31–2:29, 30, 36

      porcelain imitation of, 30–3:15–16

      Qianlong (cover bottle), 32–2:3

      scholar art, 32–1:11

      Shoulao, 30–4:17

      Tibetan style (cover bottle), 32–1:3

      tiger motif, 30–4:6, 10

      with silver (cover bottle), 32–1:3

    Ivory nut, 33–2:26–27

    Ivory snuff bottle

    imperial workshops, 39–1:4–15

    Jade and jadeite, material, 38–3:34

      characteristics, 34–1:16

      cong objects, 32–3:6

      dating and attribution of carvings, 36–2:9

      glass imitations, 30–2:4–6

      introduction of jadeite into China, 30–3:18

      for personal use of Qianlong emperor, 31–3:8–9

      porcelain imitations, 30–3:4

      in Qianlong period, 45–1:4,45–1:6–8

      Qing period, 33–1:8–9

      significance of, in Chinese culture, 32–3:8–10; 34–1:16

    Jade and jadeite snuff bottles, 36–1:26; 39–3:42

      apple green and lavender, 33–3:32

      auctions

        Beijing 2005, 37–3:46

        Hong Kong 1997, 30–1:29–30

        Hong Kong 1998, 30–3:28, 32

        Hong Kong 2000, 32–3:31, 33–34

        Hong Kong 2004, 36–2:39

        Hong Kong 2013, 45–2:36, 37, 38, 39, 40

        London 1999, 33–1:34

        London 2002, 34–2:29–30

        London 2003, 35–3:36–37

        London 2004, 36–2:33

        London 2005, 37–3:44

        London 2006, 38–2:43; 38–3:35–36

        New York 1998, 30–3:25, 26; 30–4:33, 34–35

        New York 1999, 31–2:33, 35

        New York 2000, 32–1:38, 40; 32–3:29

        New York 2001, 33–1:33; 33–3:30, 31–32

        New York 2002, 34–1:34–35

        New York 2003, 35–1:26, 27–28, 30

        New York 2004, 36–1:37–38, 39

        New York 2005, 37–1:29, 34–35

        New York 2007, 39–1:37; 39–3:36–37

        New York 2013, 45–1:37, 41

        Robert C. Eldred Co. 2000, 32–2:35

        Robert C. Eldred Co. 2007, 39–2:46–47

      basketweave, 31–3:14; 35–1:7; 45–1:41; 45–2:38

      black and white jade, 32–3:33; 34–1:35; 35–1:22, 26, 30; 39–2:47

      black jade, 32–1:38, 40

      blue jade (cover bottle), 30–2:3

      Budai monk, 31–2:35

      chloromelanite, Mughal style, 33–2:3

        auctions

          Hong Kong 2013, 45–3:44

      coral–embellished, 31–1:34

      cover bottles, 30–2:3; 31–3:3; 33–1:3; 33–2:3; 34–2:3; 39–1:3; 45–2:3

      cricket cage form, 45–2:40

      dragon motif, 32–2:18

      embellished by Tsuda family (cover bottle), 31–2:3

      emerald green imperial, 45–1:37

      flattened rectangle, 30–2:30

      glass imitations, 30–2:10–11; 35–3:3, 19, 23; 38–1:11

      gray and white, 45–2:39

      meiping vase form, 31–3:8, 9

      monkey motif, 36–3:9, 10

      Mughal style, 30–2:30; 32–3:11; 37–3:42

      new bottles, 31–2:25–26, 30

      Oxherd and Weaving Maid, 30–1:21

      pebble jade, 32–1:14; 38–3:36; 45–2:36

      porcelain imitation of, 30–3:18

      Qing dynasty, 34–1:16; 38–3:38–39

      record auction prices, 34–2:30

      russet skin, 32–2:35; 45–2:36, 38

      scholar art, 32–1:13–14

      scholar reading on rocks, 33–1:3

      searching for plum blossoms, 30–4:16

      set of six white, 45–2:38

      Suzhou, 30–3:26; 37–1:34–35; 39–3:36, 37

      tomb jade, 35–3:19

      walrus tusk imitation, 35–3:23

      white jade, 30–2:3; 31–2:35; 35–1:30; 35–2:34; 36–1:38; 38–3:34–36; 39–1:3, 20; 39–2:46, 47; 39–3:36, 37; 45–1:39, 41

      yellow, 33–1:36; 35–1:27; 39–1:21

      yellowish-green and russet, 45–1:39

      See also MATERIALS, Nephrite

    Jasper snuff bottles, 34–1:20

      auctions

        New York 1998, 30–3:26–27

        New York 2000, 32–1:37, 40

        New York 2005, 37–1:30

      cover bottles, 39–3:3

      glass imitations, 35–3:20–21

      monkey motif, 36–3:6, 9, 10

    Jet, material, 31–3:12

    Jet snuff bottles, 31–3:13–14; 38–1:11

      auctions

        Hong Kong 1998, 30–3:29

        New York 1998, 30–3:25

        New York 2004, 36–1:39

        New York 2005, 37–1:32

      glass imitations, 30–2:12

      incised, 31–3:12; 38–1:4

    Lacquer, material

      evolution in China, 32–3:13–14

      porcelain imitation of, 38–1:11

    Lacquer snuff bottles

      auctions

        Hong Kong 2004, 36–2:37–38

        London 2006, 38–3:36

        New York 2000, 32–3:29

        New York 2005, 37–1:29

      calligraphy, 34–3:15–16, 18–19

      carved children at play, 45–3:9

      ceramic imitations, 30–2:4

      glass imitations (cover bottle), 35–3:3

      incised, 31–3:11

      Japanese, 36–2:9; 38–3:36

      Laozi, 30–1:23

      porcelain imitation of, 30–3:14, 15; 35–3:22, 23

      with ivory panels, 39–1:11

      See also MATERIALS, Cinnabar lacquer snuff bottles

    Lapis lazuli snuff bottles

      auction, New York 2005, 37–1:36–37

      glass imitations, 30–2:8–9; 35–3:17–18

      new bottles, 31–2:28

    Laque–burgauté, 34–2:19; 37–1:35

    Leather snuff bottles, porcelain imitation of, 30–3:18

    Limestone material, 32–1:16

    Limestone snuff bottles, 36–2:40

      auctions

        New York 2013, 45–1:38

      black and white, 45–1:38

      mask-and-ring handles, 45–2:34

    Malachite material, 32–2:9

    Malachite snuff bottles, 31–2:28; 45–1:25

    Metal

      auctions

        New York 1999, 31–2:36

        New York 2000, 32–1:36

      porcelain imitation of, 30–3:16

      See also specific metal

    Metal snuff bottles

      coin snuff bottles, 30–1:9

      encased glass, 31–3:15–16

      inlaid silver, 34–1:19

      New York 2001 auction, 33–1:33–34

    Mother of pearl, 45–3:9

    Nephrite, material, 34–1:16

      Qing period, 33–1:8–9

    Nephrite snuff bottles

      auctions

        Hong Kong 1998, 30–3:32

        Hong Kong 2000, 32–3:36

        Hong Kong 2013, 45–3:45, 46

        London 1999, 33–1:35–36

        London 2003, 35–2:37

        London 2005, 37–3:44

        London 2007, 39–3:34

        New York 1998, 30–3:24–25, 26

        New York 1999, 31–2:35

        New York 2003, 35–1:30

        New York 2013, 45–1:41–42; 45–3:39, 40

      black and white, 31–3:3; 33–1:3; 35–2:40; 39–1:18

      black and white goldfish, 45–3:45

      black and white Immortals, 45–3:47

      Buddhist motif, 33–3:22

      cicada, 30–4:16

      “C” motif, 33–3:13

      cover bottles, 30–1:3; 30–2:3; 31–3:3; 32–3:3; 33–1:3; 39–1:3; 39–2:3; 45–2:3

      crouching tiger form, 45–3:45

      dog shape, 38–2:15

      double gourd, 33–3:12–13; 39–3:42; 45–3:19, 46

      with chilong (cover bottle), 32–3:3

      dragon–headed tortoise, 33–3:7

      dragon motif, 32–2:19, 20

      embellished by Tsuda family (cover bottle), 31–2:3

      eggplant shape, 45–1:8

      encircling leaves, 45–3:39

      engraved poem, 45–1:31

      farmer and scholar, 30–1:13

      flask shape, 45–1:8

      glass imitations, 30–2:5, 10, 11–12

      imperial yellow meiping form, 45–3:45

      incised calligraphy, 38–2:44

      lotus motif, 33–3:21–22; 34–1:18

      magnolia bud shape, 45–1:8

      magnolia motif, 33–3:21

      Master of the Rocks carving, 45–2:34

      monkey motif, 36–3:9, 10, 11, 14

      official playing zither, 34–2:16

      peaches and bat motif, 34–1:20

      pebble form, 30–1:27; 33–3:35; 34–1:18, 20; 39–1:19–20; 39–3:34, 35

      phoenix motif, 33–3:9

      plain white, 45–3:40

      rolled scroll shape, 32–3:10

      rural life, 30–1:14

      ruyi motif, 33–3:10

      sage

        beneath pine tree, 32–3:3

        beneath prunus tree, 32–3:3

        infant and (cover bottle), 32–3:3

      scholar art, 32–1:13–14

      squirrel motif, 34–1:18

      Suzhou–style carving, 33–1:10; 33–3:35; 37–2:8

      three crabs, 45–3:10

      tiger motif, 30–4:6, 7

      twin–fish double bottle, 30–1:27

      water buffalo, 30–1:12

      white figure and pony (cover bottle), 32–3:3

      yellow "steamed-chestnut" type, 45–1:9

      yin–yang symbol, 33–3:5

      Zhong Kue (cover bottle), 30–1:3

      zodiacal animals motif, 34–2:4

    Peach pit snuff bottle, 32–1:11

    Pearl snuff bottles, glass imitations, 30–2:14, 15

    Porcelain, material

      evolution in China, 30–3:4–7; 33–1:26–28

      imitations of other materials in, 30–3:4–20; 35–3:13–17

      peachbloom glaze, 35–3:21–22

      technical and historical development, 34–1:22

    Porcelain snuff bottles, 32–1:16

      auctions

        Beijing 2005, 37–3:46

        Hong Kong 1997, 30–1:29

        Hong Kong 1998, 30–3:28, 29

        Hong Kong 2000, 32–3:35, 36

        Hong Kong 2013, 45–2:39; 45–3:44

        London 1999, 33–1:34

        London 2001, 33–2:36–37

        London 2003, 35–2:36

        New York 1998, 30–3:24, 26; 30–4:32–33, 35

        New York 1999, 31–2:36

        New York 2000, 32–1:35–36, 39–40; 32–3:29

        New York 2001, 33–1:32–33; 33–3:30–31

        New York 2002, 34–1:33

        New York 2003, 35–1:25, 29

        New York 2004, 36–1:37

        New York 2005, 37–1:36

        New York 2007, 39–3:38

        New York 2013, 45–1:38

      Baishe zhuan story, 33–2:9

      base marks, 31–3:24–25

      bats and shou character, 34–3:8

      with birthday greetings, 36–1:11

      blue and red, 31–2:18–19

      boy riding goat, 35–2:23

      with calligraphic inscription, 35–3:11

      calligraphy, 34–3:13–14, 19–20

      carved, 36–2:8; 37–1:31, 36; 38–1:12; 38–3:3; 39–3:29, 38

      characters from Xiyou ji (novel), 34–2:11

      cover bottles, 38–3:3; 39–3:3; 45–1:3; 45–3:3

      crackle design, 34–1:19

      Daoist emblems, 45–3:22

      Daoist Immortals, 45–3:14, 15, 16, 17, 18

      deer and crane motif, 35–3:22

      dog motif, 38–2:20, 28–30, 32, 33

      double bottle, 30–1:11

      double gourd, 34–3:7; 45–3:20

      doucai decorating, 30–3:24, 25

      dragon motif, 32–2:16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 24, 30, 31; 33–3:9; 34–1:18, 21

      earliest, 30–3:8

      eighteenth century, 38–3:40

      elephant shape, 45–3:21

      famille–rose, 30–1:27; 30–3:24; 31–1:31; 31–2:8, 32–1:17, 35–36; 32–2:4–15; 33–1:26–28; 33–3:31; 35–1:25; 35–2:4–20, 36; 36–2:31; 36–3:21; 38–1:4; 45–1:38; 45–3:16

      farming and rural life, 30–1:15, 17

      fifteen-lobed yellow, 45–3:3

      figural, with rank badge, 38–3:4

      floral motif, 34–3:7

      human figures, 45–2:41

      imitation of other materials in, 45–2:39; 45–3:7, 44

      in form of child holding gourd, 35–2:39

      glass imitations of, 35–3:22

      hard– and soft–paste, 31–2:13

      hunting scene, 31–3:15–16

      imitations of other materials in, 30–3:8–20; 33–3:34–35; 35–3:22–23; 38–1:11

      iron–red decoration, 31–1:33; 39–1:28

      Jingdezhen, 38–3:3; 39–1:5, 8, 9, 10

      large bottles, 35–1:22

      maiden and deer, 34–1:19

      maiden immortals, 34–3:8

      mandarin figure, 30–1:29

      mask–and–ring handles, 34–1:20

      melon form, 38–1:41

      melon motif (cover bottle)f, 31–1:3

      monkey motif, 36–3:10, 11, 15, 16

      multiple animal motif, 31–3:22–23

      new bottles, 31–2:28, 30

      nine scholars, 35–1:8

      nineteenth century, 38–1:43; 38–3:40

      octagonal, 33–3:31

      origins and early development, 31–2:13–14

      with rebuses, 36–1:8, 9

      Red Cliff theme, 36–3:21–22

      rectangular, 45–3:17

      scholar art, 32–1:16, 17

      scholar at desk, 45–1:31

      set of twenty, 45–3:23

      tea–dust glaze, 34–1:20

      tiger motif, 30–4:6, 7, 8, 9, 12

      tomb bottles, 37–2:21

      translucency, 31–2:13

      underglaze blue, 31–2:12–21; 38–1:4, 5, 12, 13; 39–1:27, 28; 39–3:33–34; 45–2:35

      underglaze copper–red, 39–1:27; 39–3:38

      unglazed, 45–3:7

      Zhongkui, 45–3:6

      zodiacal animal motif, 36–3:7

      See also MATERIALS, Enameled porcelain snuff bottles

    Puddingstone snuff bottles

      auctions, 30–4:33; 32–3:35; 35–1:29–30; 36–1:38; 39–2:48

      porcelain imitation, 30–3:13–14

    Quartz snuff bottles, 36–2:7; 39–3:9

      auctions

        Hong Kong 1998, 30–3:29

        Hong Kong 2000, 32–3:36

        New York 1998, 30–3:24; 30–4:33

        New York 1999, 31–2:35

        New York 2000, 32–1:37, 40

        New York 2005, 37–1:37

      flowering plum, 45–1:30

      glass imitations, 30–2:17

      hexagonal, 30–3:13

      inside–painted, 39–3:13

      rabbit motif, 31–3:19

      with calligraphic inscription, 35–3:10

      with tourmaline needles, 34–1:19

    Rain Flower Pebble, 32–1:16

    Realgar, material, 30–2:13; 33–2:8

    Realgar snuff bottles

      auctions

        Hong Kong 2000, 32–3:36

        London 2005, 37–3:42

      glass imitations, 30–2:13–14; 35–3:3, 19; 45–3:3, 4

    Rock crystal snuff bottles

      auctions

        Hong Kong 2000, 32–3:31

        London 2003, 35–3:37

        New York 1998, 30–3:25

        New York 1999, 31–2:35

        New York 2000, 32–1:37, 39, 40

      coin motif, 33–1:5

      coin snuff bottles, 30–1:4, 5, 9

      glass imitations, 30–2:9, 10; 35–3:17

      inside–painted, 33–1:34; 45–3:7–8, 8–9

    Ruby

      auctions

        New York 2013, 45–3:39

      with mask-and-ring handles, 45–3:39

    Sandalwood snuff bottle, 34–2:17

    Sapphire snuff bottles

      cover bottles, 45–1:3

    Sardonyx snuff bottles, 32–1:37

    Serpentine snuff bottles, 33–1:36

    Sharkskin snuff bottles, 32–1:37–38

    Silver material, 33–1:5–6

      ornamentation on horn snuff bottle, 32–1:3

    Silver snuff bottles, 31–2:36

    Slate, 32–1:14–15

    Soapstone snuff bottles, 34–1:34

      auction, London 2007, 39–3:35

    Stoneware snuff bottle, enameled, 39–3:38

    Tortoiseshell, material

      cultural significance, 35–3:21

    Tortoiseshell snuff bottles, glass imitations of, 30–2:14, 15; 35–3:21

    Tourmaline snuff bottles

      auctions

        Hong Kong 2000, 32–3:36

        New York 2003, 35–1:30

        New York 2013, 45–1:40,45–1:41

      boatman motif, 30–4:16

      new bottles, 31–2:28–29

      pink and green, 45–1:40, 41

    Turquoise material, 32–2:9

    Turquoise snuff bottles

      auctions

        Hong Kong 1998, 30–3:29

        Hong Kong 2013, 45–3:45

      cover bottles, 45–3:3

      glass and porcelain imitations, 35–3:18–19

      glass imitations, 30–2:14; 35–3:3

      lion motif, 33–3:6

      with lion-mask ring handles, 45–3:3

      maqian motif, 34–2:12

      porcelain imitation of, 30–3:16–18

      rabbit motif, 31–3:18

    Wood snuff bottles, 33–3:35; 34–1:21

      auctions

        Hong Kong 1998, 30–3:29

        New York 2001, 33–1:33

        New York 2004, 36–1:36–37, 39

      birch, 30–1:3

      flattened ovoid, 31–2:8

      glass imitations, 30–2:9, 17, 18

      porcelain imitation of, 30–3:15

    Yixing snuff bottles, 38–1:12

      auctions

        New York 2013, 45–1:40, 41

      hexagonal form, 45–1:40, 41

      walnut motif, 30–1:3

MOTIFS AND SYMBOLISM

    Apricot flower, 35–2:7–8

      with birds, 37–3:5

    Artemisia, 33–2:7, 8

    Asters, 36–1:10

    Auspicious motifs, 38–1:40–42

    Baby–shaped snuff bottle, 34–1:3; 35–1:9

    Baishe zhuan, 33–2:9–10

    Baisui tu, 32–1:36

    Bamboo, 30–3:22; 32–1:7; 32–2:12; 33–3:12; 34–3:16–17; 36–2:5; 37–3:42; 39–3:14

      peonies and, 36–2:20

    Archaism, 45–1:8–9

    Bamboo, 45–2:40

      with mask-and-ring handles, 45–2:34

    Bannerman, 34–2:10; 36–2:17

    Bapo, 33–1:34; 39–3:11–12

    Bars, 32–1:13

    Base marks, 31–3:24–25

    Basketweave, 31–3:14; 45–1:41; 45–2:38

      broken, 35–1:7

    Bat(s), 30–4:11–12; 31–3:22; 32–1:13, 16; 33–3:17; 35–2:24; 38–3:10–11, 36; 45–2:3; 45–3:40

      crane and, 36–2:3

      dragon and, 36–2:20

      five, 34–1:18

      fungus and, 32–1:3

      horse and, 34–2:8

      inside-painted rock crystal, 45–3:8–9

      with intertwined lotus, 45–3:23

      monkey(s) and, 36–3:13, 14

      peaches and, 34–1:20; 36–2:16; 39–2:51; 45–2:35

      pomegranate and, 36–2:25

      rising sun and, 36–2:16

      sage and, 34–1:34

      shou character and, 34–3:8

      three, 36–2:33

      with horse, 36–2:17

      with lantern, 36–1:8

    Bear, 35–1:8; 37–3:44

    Beauties in garden, 30–4:14

    Beehive and monkey, 32–1:36

    Bee(s), 30–4:12; 34–2:9; 37–3:3

    Begonia, 36–1:7, 10–11

    Birds, 38–3:4

    Bird(s), 31–2:20; 34–3:39; 37–3:3

      amid apricot, 37–3:5

      lotus and, 34–1:17

      on branch, 35–1:11

      on prunus branch, 34–1:20

      one hundred, 32–1:37

      with flowers, 37–3:46; 45–1:38–39; 45–3:6

    Bird–shaped ivory bottles, 39–1:14

    Birthdays, 36–1:11–12

    Blue and white porcelain, 31–2:20–21

    Boatman, 30–4:16; 36–3:38

    bowman and, 35–2:40

    Boat(s), 34–1:17; 36–2:22

      beneath Red Cliff, 36–3:18–22

      cover bottles, 45–1:3

      Duanwu (Dragon Boat) festival, 33–2:7–8; 36–1:4–5

      with figure, fish, and shells, 45–1:3

      punting sampan, 45–1:3

      sailing with cargo, 45–1:3

      two figures in, 34–3:40; 39–3:29

      woman punting with basket, 45–1:3

    Botanical themes, 36–1:4–12; 38–3:9; 45–3:47

      cover bottles, 45–1:3

      European subjects and styles, 37–2:7–8

    Boy(s)

      playing, 37–1:31; 37–3:46, 47; 45–1:39, 41

      smiling, 45–1:38

    Buddha’s hand (fruit), 38–3:9; 39–1:13

      bottle shaped as, 37–3:41

    Buddhist, 33–3:22; 36–3:16–17; 38–3:7; 39–1:8, 9, 10–11; 39–3:15

      nine lions, 38–2:37

    Butterfly, 30–4:12, 34; 32–1:16–17; 32–2:6

      cat and, 33–1:32; 34–1:15; 34–3:18–19; 38–1:27; 38–2:43

      on gourd, 33–1:3

      inside–painted, 33–1:34

      lotus and, 38–1:23

      narcissus and, 36–2:20

      Qing dynasty, 34–1:14–15

    Calligraphic representations, 31–2:22–23; 32–3:15–17; 34–1:15, 16; 34–2:29; 34–3:4–20; 35–3:10–12; 39–1:21

      ancient bronze inscriptions, 45–2:4–32

      auction, 32–3:34–35; 45–2:37

      on coconut shell bottles, 45–2:4–32

      inscribed poem, 45–2:37

      Rhapsody on Red Cliff, 45–2:41

    Camel, 39–3:3

    Carp, 33–3:30; 34–1:17, 18; 38–3:39; 39–3:14

    Cat(s), 30–4:12; 39–1:3

      butterfly and, 33–1:32; 34–1:15; 34–3:18–19; 38–1:27; 38–2:43

      mouse and, 35–1:5

    Champlevé borders, 37–3:6

    Chang ming fu qui, 31–1:3

    Chicken boy, 37–2:15

    Chicks, 30–4:34

    Children; 31–2:18; 37–3:6

      ladies and, 45–3:45

      at play, 36–2:18; 38–1:41–42; 45–3:9

      woman and, 45–2:37

    Chilongs, 35–1:3, 5; 35–3:22; 39–1:24–25;45–2:3, 36

      amid clouds, 31–2:33

      double–gourd, cover bottle with, 32–3:3

      with lingzhi, 45–3:46

    Chrysanthemum, 32–1:10; 36–1:9; 38–2:32–33

      quail and, 35–2:10

    Cicadas, 30–2:4; 32–3:9–10; 35–3:13; 37–1:35

    Clock face, 37–2:9

    Clouds, 31–3:22

    “C” motif, 33–3:13

    Cockfighting, 37–2:12–19

    Cockscomb, 36–1:11

    Coin snuff bottles, 30–1:4–10; 30–2:16; 36–2:22, 23; 37–2:9

    Color, 38–3:6

    Corncob, 33–1:3

    Courtroom scene, 36–3:37–38

    Crab apple blossom, 32–1:14; 37–1:29

    Crabs(s), 37–3:43

      three, 45–3:10

    Crane(s), 33–3:7; 34–1:33; 36–2:22; 37–3:42, 44

      bats and, 36–2:3

      cover bottles, 45–1:3

      deer obverse, 35–3:22

      flying, 39–3:12

      pine and, 31–2:33; 32–1:15, 36; 33–1:12; 38–1:41; 38–3:8

      with deer, 33–1:34

      on prunus tree, 34–3:3

      Su Shi prose poem, 36–3:18–20

    Crickets and cricket cages, 30–2:12; 30–4:15; 37–3:3; 38–1:26; 38–3:38

      auction, 37–3:46

      cover bottle, 31–3:3

      on eggplant, 34–1:20

      imitation of ancient styles, 32–3:12

      scholar art, 32–1:10–11

    Cypress, 33–3:20

      monkey and, 36–3:12

    Daji characters, 45–3:20

    Daoist Emblems, 45–3:22

    Daoist Immortals, 45–3:14–27, 47

    Daoist emblems, 31–2:20; 34–1:15; 38–1:28; 38–3:7–8

    Deer, 31–2:20; 37–3:44

      beneath pine tree, 34–3:40

      carved amber, 45–3:39

      crane and, 33–1:34; 35–3:22

      in fetal position, 35–1:5

      inside-painted rock crystal, 45–3:8–9

      maiden and, on cloud, 34–1:19

      monkey and, 36–3:10

    Dog, 32–3:10; 34–3:9; 38–2:15–36

      Pekinese, 39–3:3

    Dong Yong and Weaving Maid, 30–1:20–22

    Double gourd, 30–2:3; 30–4:31–32; 32–2:10; 34–1:19; 34–2:29; 34–3:7; 37–1:29; 37–2:21–22; 38–2:45; 38–3:36; 39–2:47; 39–3:42

      bronze bottles, 34–3:39

      carved amber, 45–3:20, 47

      carved crystal, 45–3:20

      with elephant, 45–3:20–21

      enameled milk glass, 34–3:39–40

      faceted glass, 36–2:13, 14

      famille–rose, 35–2:13

      gourd carved as, 45–3:18, 19

      imitation puddingstone, 45–3:44

      with lotus and foliage, 45–2:39

      nephrite, with bats and lingzhi, 45–3:19

      porcelain painted with double gourds, 45–3:20

      with red flower heads, 45–3:46

      seven, 36–2:20

      with chilong (cover bottle), 32–3:3

      with white nephrite ring, 45–3:45–46

    Donkey(s)

      old man and, 45–3:10

    Dragon Boat (Duanwu) Festival, 36–1:4–5; 45–3:6

      See also MOTIFS AND SYMBOLISM, Duanwu festival, related to

    Dragonfly, begonia and, 36–1:7

    Dragon(s), 30–2:30; 30–4:9; 31–2:14; 32–1:17, 38; 32–2:16–31; 32–2:29–30; 32–3:17–18; 33–3:8–9, 34–35; 34–1:19, 21; 36–2:25; 38–1:43; 38–2:3; 39–3:29, 38

      amid waves, 33–2:37

      baby dragon in waves, 36–2:3

      badges of rank, 38–3:5

      bat and, 36–2:20

      chi dragons, 34–3:38; 36–1:18, 37–38; 36–2:15, 20, 26; 38–2:43; 38–3:5, 39; 45–1:40, 41; 45–2:3

      two, 30–3:3; 31–3:10

      chilongs, 35–3:22; 39–1:24–25

            in clouds, 34–1:35; 36–2:3

      cover bottle, 33–1:3

            with fenghuang, 38–3:3

            with pearl and clouds, 36–3:3

      five–toed, 38–3:5

      four qi, 33–2:35

      four–toed, 38–3:5

      Great Seal Script, 34–3:7–8

      hidden, 35–1:4–5

      imitation of ancient styles, 32–3:11

      imperial designs, 39–1:5

      kui style, 31–3:15; 33–3:14; 37–3:47; 45–2:37

      in large numbers, 32–2:30–31

      long, 38–3:5

      with luohan, 45–2:39

      mang, 38–3:5

      phoenix and, 38–1:42

      Qianlong period, 33–2:35

      Qing art, 34–1:14; 36–2:17–18

      star–tailed, 36–2:18

      two dragons, 32–2:22–25; 34–1:18; 36–2:33

      with tiger, 30–4:9; 32–2:29–30

      with lingzhi, 33–2:35–36

    Drunken poet, 37–1:35

    Duanwu festival, related to, 30–4:10; 33–2:7–8; 36–1:4–5

    Ducks

      lotus and, 34–1:21

      with lotus flower, 39–3:28

      in pond, 34–1:33

    Duiniu tanqin, 30–1:24

    Eagle, 30–4:10; 35–1:8

      and tiger, 30–4:10–11

    East meets West, 37–1:34

    Eggplants, 30–2:11–12; 34–1:15

      cricket on, 34–1:20

    Egret

      beneath millet and lotus (cover bottle), 35–1:3

      on lotus, 34–1:19

    Eight Brokens, 39–3:11, 39–3:12

    Eight Buddhist Emblems, 30–4:35; 35–2:37; 38–1:28

    Eighteen monkeys, 36–3:11–12

    Eight Horses of Muwang, 34–2:7–8; 38–3:36; 45–2:35

    Eight Daoist Immortals, 32–1:11; 35–2:9; 38–3:7–8; 45–3:14–27

      dragon motif and, 32–2:19–20

      Li Tieguai, 32–3:15

    Eight Trigrams, 33–3:5

    Elephant(s), 31–3:22–23; 33–3:19–20; 38–2:3; 45–3:20–21

      with vase (cover bottle), 39–3:3

    Endless knot, 35–3:39–40

    European and Western, 30–4:16; 31–1:31, 32–33; 33–1:12, 34; 33–3:32; 35–1:7; 36–1:23; 36–2:6; 37–2:4–11; 37–3:5, 41; 38–2:39; 45–1:9–11

      auctions

        Hong Kong 2000, 32–3:31

        London 2001, 33–2:37

        New York 2000, 32–1:40

        New York 2005, 37–1:29, 35, 37

        Beijing 2005 auction, 37–3:47

      Charles III portrait, 33–1:35

      English royalty, 31–1:31; 35–2:36; 37–2:9–11

      figures in landscape, 35–2:12

      ladies on landscape, 37–3:6

      watches, 35–3:17

      woman and child, 45–3:5

    Falcon, 38–2:19

    Fan, 34–1:15

    Farming and rural life, 30–1:12–13, 14–17; 34–2:36–37

    Fenghuang and dragon (cover bottle), 38–3:3

    Fertility, 31–3:19; 32–2:24–25; 33–2:9; 38–1:41–42

    Figural snuff bottles, 32–3:14; 39–1:30

      boy, 39–3:23

      child with rank badge, 38–3:4

      cricket cage, 45–2:40

      crouching tiger, 45–3:45

      Daoist Immortals, 45–3:18

      deer form, 39–1:38

      fish form, 39–1:39

      goldfish, 45–3:45

      magnolia buds, 45–2:38

      mythical beast, 45–2:38

      official, 45–2:41

      woman, 45–2:41

    Fish, 30–1:27; 34–1:14, 21; 34–2:28; 37–1:3; 38–1:42; 45–3:5

    Fishing and fishermen, 30–1:14, 15, 16, 27; 36–1:36; 36–2:3; 36–3:37; 38–3:3

      in winter scene (cover bottle), 38–3:3

    Fish–shaped bottle, 37–3:41

    Five Virtues, 38–3:10–11

    Fives, 32–2:30–31

      bats, 34–1:18

      boys, 45–1:41

      chi dragons, 36–1:37–38

      monkeys, 36–3:10–11

      noxious creatures, 30–4:11; 33–2:8–9; 36–1:4

      poisons, 36–1:4–5

      roosters, 32–1:17

      tigers, 30–4:8, 12

    Flowers in basket, 32–1:39; 33–3:32; 36–2:18, 19; 38–2:3; 39–1:25; 45–2:40

      cover bottle, 30–3:3

    Fo dogs, 31–2:19; 45–3:40

      among clouds, 31–2:17

    Four noble occupations, 31–2:21; 33–1:35; 36–2:3; 45–1:40

    Frogs and toads, 31–3:20

    Garden scene, 37–1:36; 45–3:5

    Geese, 34–1:4; 35–2:24; 38–1:25, 26

      water reeds and, 34–3:3

    Goats, three, 36–2:38; 37–1:35; 37–2:5

    Goat/sheep, 35–2:21–25

    Goldfish, 39–2:50

      figural bottle, 45–3:45

      inside-painted hair crystal, 45–3:8

    Gourds, 34–1:15; 38–3:12; 39–2:51;45–3:17–19, 47

      cricket cage, 32–1:10–11; 32–3:12

      double gourd, 32–1:10; 32–3:13; 33–1:34; 33–3:12, 30–31

      molded snuff bottles, 32–1:10, 11

      significance of, 32–3:12–13

      with butterflies (cover bottle), 33–1:3

    Grapes, squirrel and, 34–1:18

    Grasshopper, lotus and, 33–2:35

    Halberd, 38–3:10

    Harvest, 36–1:7–11

    Hawk, 33–3:17

    Herdboys, 30–1:16–21; 36–2:21

    Hero vase, 35–1:8

    Hibiscus, 31–1:45; 36–1:9–10

      peony and (cover bottle), 35–1:3

    Hi disc pattern, 32–3:8

    Hindu sacred images, 30–2:30

    Horseman, 30–4:34

      bannerman, 34–2:10; 36–2:17

    Horse(s), 30–3:24; 33–2:36; 33–3:35; 34–2:4–12, 31; 36–2:22; 39–1:3

      bat and, 36–2:17

      in clouds, 34–1:35

      cover bottle, 31–1:3

      eight horses of Mu Wang, 36–2:3; 45–2:35

      with deer, 34–2:9

      with dragon, 35–1:4–5

      with monkey(s), 34–2:9–10; 36–3:6–945–2:38

      one fat, one skinny, 32–3:18

      of Qianlong emperor, 39–3:13

      two white, 45–2:38

    Huang Chenyen, 39–2:3

    Huiwen pattern, 32–2:27; 39–1:9

    Hundred Boys, 45–3:6, 44

    Hunting scenes, 31–3:17; 38–2:19; 39–2:3

    Jinshang tianhua, 35–2:8–10; 38–2:9, 11

    Kangxi period, 31–2:14

    Kingfisher

      among peonies, 36–2:36

      on lotus, 34–3:33

    Kite flying, 30–1:17–18; 35–2:24

    Lady, 37–3:6

      34–1:21

      in garden with dog, 34–3:9

      Japanese, 35–1:7–8

      playing flute, 33–2:37

      reclining, bottle shaped as, 35–1:9; 37–1:39

    Ladies

      children and, 45–3:45

    Landscapes, 34–1:15, 17; 35–2:8; 36–3:29–30; 37–1:4–19; 37–3:45; 38–1:4–15; 39–1:3; 39–3:3; 45–1:40, 41

      autumn, 39–3:12

      inside-painted rock crystal, 45–3:7–8

      rockwork (cover bottle), 37–3:3

      winter, 39–3:16

      on Yixing earthenware, 45–3:7

    Lanterns, 36–1:8

    Lantern–shaped bottle, 32–2:12

    Legend of the White Snake, 39–1:10

    Lilies, 30–3:23; 32–1:3

    Linghzi fungus, 30–3:3; 32–1:7, 14; 32–2:26; 33–1:12–13; 33–3:9–10; 35–1:23; 36–1:6, 12; 37–3:3; 38–3:9, 10

      with bats on double gourd, 45–3:19

      with chilong, 45–3:46

      dragon and, 33–2:35–36

      figure walking to pick, 45–2:36

      inside-painted rock crystal, 45–3:8–9

      monkey and, 36–3:14

      peaches, bats and, 45–2:35

    Lions, 33–3:6; 39–1:9

      cubs playing with ball, 35–1:28

      playing with ball, 39–3:3

      sages and, 35–2:40

    Literati subjects, 31–2:20–21

    Liu Hai, 32–1:35; 39–1:30

    Longevity, 32–2:26–27; 38–1:42

    Lotus, 31–2:16, 17, 20, 34; 32–2:23; 33–1:13; 33–3:21–22; 34–1:15, 18, 21; 35–1:30; 37–1:28; 37–3:41, 42, 44; 38–1:23, 24; 39–3:14; 45–1:30, 45–41; 45–2:38; 45–3:5, 40

      base mark, 31–2:19

      begonia and, 36–1:7

      bird and, 34–1:17

      butterfly and, 38–1:23

      with calligraphy, 45–3:46

      carved glass, 36–2:14, 27

      with chi dragons, 45–1:40, 41

      egret and, 34–1:19; 35–1:3

      grasshopper and, 33–2:35

      intertwined, 30–3:12; 45–3:23

      with leaves and lingzhi, 45–3:3

      scrolling, 38–3:3

      swallows and egrets amongst (cover bottle), 34–3:3

      with duck, 39–3:28

    Luohan, 30–3:25; 30–4:9–10, 34; 32–2:30; 35–1:22; 39–1:9, 10–11; 45–2:39

    Magnolia, 32–1:3; 33–1:34; 33–3:20–21, 31; 37–1:3; 38–3:39; 45–1:8–9

      set of six white buds, 45–2:38

    Magpie(s), 30–4:34; 31–2:20, 34; 37–2:21

      in prunus tree, 32–1:10; 33–3:11

    Maidens

      deer and, on cloud, 34–1:19

      famille–rose porcelain (cover bottle), 30–4:3

      immortals in landscape, 34–3:8

    Mallow flower, 33–3:13; 36–1:23–24

      black and white limestone, 45–1:38

    Maqian motif, 34–2:12

    Marigold, 36–1:11

    Mask–and–ring, 32–3:8; 33–3:6; 34–1:14, 18, 20; 36–2:16, 19, 23; 38–2:3; 45–2:34; 45–3:39

    Master of the Rocks, 45–2:34

    Meiping shape, 36–2:31

    Meng Haoran, 45–3:44

    Melons and gourds, 30–3:22; 31–1:3; 38–1:41

    Mi Fu

      bowing to rock, 45–3:10

    Millet (cover bottle), 35–1:3

      with quail, 39–3:37

    Minnows swimming, 39–3:12

    Mongolian, 30–1:3; 33–1:12–13

    Monkey king, 33–3:18; 36–3:7

    Monkey(s), 30–1:27; 31–2:20; 31–3:22–23; 36–3:5–17; 37–3:3; 39–1:3

      bat(s) and, 36–3:13, 14

      beehive and, 32–1:36

      horse and, 34–2:11; 36–3:6–9; 45–2:38

      peaches and, 34–2:29; 36–3:12–14

      pointing at sun, 39–2:51

      with horse, 34–2:9–10

    Moon, 31–3:19–21

    Mountains, 32–1:8–9; 34–1:17

    Mouse, cat and, 35–1:5

    Mughal influence, 32–3:11; 33–1:3; 35–3:36–37; 37–1:34

    Mugwort, 36–1:4

    Musical chimes, 38–3:10

    Mu Wang, eight horses of (cover bottle), 36–2:3

    Nandina, 36–1:11–12

    Narcissus, 36–1:12; 38–3:9, 10

      butterfly and, 36–2:20

    Neck decoration, 31–2:19–20

    Nine, 32–1:13; 32–2:30–31

      Buddhist lions, 38–2:37

      carp, 39–3:14

      flowers of autumn, 32–1:40; 33–2:37; 35–2:17; 36–1:9

      scholars, 35–1:8

    Nude figures, 37–2:4, 5–6

    Octagonal shape, 39–1:22

    Old man

      on donkey, 45–3:10

      holding peaches, 45–3:7

    One hundred boys scenes, 30–3:25; 35–1:21–22; 36–1:11; 38–1:41

    Orange, 35–2:23

    Orchid(s), 32–1:7, 10

      with “Pine Spring” two–character seal, 35–1:3

    Osmanthus branches, 39–2:50

    Osmanthus fragrans tree, 31–3:20–21; 36–1:11

    Ox/water buffalo, 30–1:11–27; 35–1:25

    Palace, 36–2:15

    Palindrome inscriptions, 39–3:4–7

    Pavilions, 34–1:17

    Peace, 36–1:7

    Peach/peach tree, 31–3:23; 34–1:15; 36–1:24; 38–1:42; 38–3:9–10, 39

      carved glass, 36–2:15

      monkey and, 34–2:29; 36–3:12–14

      with bat, 34–1:20; 36–2:16; 39–2:51; 45–2:35

      old man and, 45–3:7

    Peacocks, 32–2:10

    Peacock–tail–shaped bottle, 37–3:41

    Pea plant/pod, 31–3:19

    Pearl

      wish-granting, 45–3:20, 21–22

    Pearl and dragon, 32–2:22; 34–1:18, 21

    Peonies, 30–3:22; 32–1:14, 36; 35–2:23; 38–3:9–10

      bamboo and, 36–2:20

      with bird, 45–3:6

      with chi dragons, 45–1:40, 41

      dragon and (cover bottle), 33–1:3

      hibiscus and, 35–1:3

      Hong Kong 1998 auction, 30–3:29–32

      magnolia and, 33–1:34

      with kingfisher, 36–2:36

      with pheasant, 39–3:37

      with phoenixes, 45–1:42

    Persimmon, 36–1:6–7

    Pheasant, 37–1:28; 45–2:40

      peonies and, 39–3:37

    Phoenix, 33–1:3; 33–3:9;

      dragon and, 38–1:42

      peonies and, 45–1:42

      with peony bud, 45–2:3

    Pigeons, 38–2:33

    Pigs, 32–3:10

    Pine tree, 32–1:7, 15; 33–3:20; 38–3:8–9; 39–1:3

      among rock formations, 39–3:3

      deer beneath, 34–3:40

      inside-painted rock crystal, 45–3:8–9

      Qing dynasty, 34–1:14

      sage beneath (cover bottle), 32–3:3

      with bamboo and prunus blossom (cover bottle), 39–3:3

    Plum, 37–3:41

      in bloom, 30–4:15; 45–1:30

      searching for plum blossoms, 30–4:16

    Pomegranate, 31–3:19; 33–1:3; 35–1:6, 28; 36–1:4; 38–3:9, 39; 39–3:17

      bat and, 36–2:25

    Pouch–shaped bottle, 37–3:41

    Precious objects, 33–3:31

    Pretty girl, 32–2:14, 15

    Princess Shouyang, 36–2:22

    Prunus tree, 30–3:22; 30–4:33; 31–2:34; 31–3:12, 13; 32–1:7; 36–2:15, 18, 22, 23; 37–1:29; 37–3:6

      crane on (cover bottle), 34–3:3

      magpie in, 32–1:10; 33–3:11

      sage beneath (cover bottle), 32–3:3

      twelve birds on, 34–1:20

    Qianlong imperial poems, 38–2:9–14

    Qiao sisters, 32–1:36

    Qing art, 31–2:10; 34–1:14–15

    Qing imperial architecture, 33–3:4–23

    Quail, 36–1:9; 37–1:36; 39–3:41; 45–2:40

      chrysanthemum and, 35–2:10

      millet and, 39–3:37

    Rabbits and hares, 31–3:17–23, 22; 37–3:5; 38–2:19

    Rank, officer and bureaucrat, 30–2:12; 38–3:4–12

    Rebuses, 36–1:5–12; 38–3:10–12; 39–2:51

      for bumper harvest, 36–1:7–11

      for peace, 36–1:7; 39–3:3

      for wealth, 39–3:9

      with monkey images, 36–3:8–14

    Red Cliff prose poems, 36–3:18–23; 37–1:31

    Rice cultivation, 38–1:24

    Rivets, 32–1:13

    Romance of the Three Kingdoms, 30–4:14–15

    Roosters, 32–1:17

      cockfighting, 37–2:12–19

      cockscomb and, 36–1:11

      on rocks, 34–3:33

    Rope pattern, 32–3:8; 33–3:16

    Roses, 39–2:50

    Ruyi, 32–1:7; 33–3:9–10; 35–1:11; 35–2:23; 36–1:6; 38–2:3; 38–3:7

    Sage(s), 39–2:3; 45–1:39

      beneath tree (cover bottle), 32–3:3

      fu lions, 35–2:40

      holding bowl, 34–1:20

      in landscape, 33–1:10

      with infant (cover bottle), 32–3:3

      with smoke and bat, 34–1:34

    Sash, 32–1:15–16

    Scholar art, 32–1:5–17; 34–1:17; 37–1:32

    Scholar(s), 30–1:13, 15

      ascending mountain, 33–3:34

      asleep under plantains, 36–2:22

      at desk, 45–1:31

      Gathering at Orchid Pavilion, 32–3:34–35; 34–3:10–11; 37–1:35–36

      meeting on island, 31–2:18

      in mountainous landscape, 45–1:40, 41

      Nan Gong worshipping a boulder, 39–3:37

      nine, 35–1:8

      objects, 45–1:40

      parody, 39–3:7

      reading on rock (cover bottle), 33–1:3

    Scrolls, 32–3:10

    Secret decoration, 45–2:35

    Sedan chair vases, 30–3:9–11; 35–2:13–14

    Seven sages of Bamboo Grove, 31–2:16, 21; 32–1:16

    Shou character, 32–2:27, 28; 33–3:17; 35–2:17; 38–1:42; 38–3:3, 10–11, 12

      bats and, 34–3:8

    Shoulao, 30–4:17; 34–1:33

    Silkworms, 36–2:21

    Six domesticated animals, 34–2:4; 35–2:21; 38–2:16

    Snake

      meanings and applications, 33–2:4–11

      turtle and, 33–2:6

    Spider(s), 31–3:19

    Squirrel, 36–3:14; 45–3:46

      among vines, 35–3:36

      butterfly and, 30–3:29

      grapes and, 34–1:18

      on millet, 33–1:10

    Students Zhang and Yong–ying, 30–4:15

    Sunrise with bat, 36–2:16

    Sun Wukong, 36–3:14–16

    Su Wu herding sheep, 33–1:3; 35–2:24; 37–1:38

    Swallows, 35–2:24

      among lotus, 34–3:3

      begonia and, 36–1:7

    Swan, 35–3:40

    Swastika, 36–1:6; 38–3:7, 12

    Sweetflag, 36–1:4

    Taotie masks, 33–3:18; 34–1:14; 35–1:8, 27; 35–2:35; 38–2:3

    Tao Yuanming, 30–1:19

    Three

      Friends of Winter, 32–1:7, 8, 9; 33–3:12

      goats, 30–3:27; 37–1:35; 37–2:5

      Three plenties, 38–3:9

    Tibetan, 33–1:13

    Tiger(s), 30–4:5–12

      Duanwu festival, 33–2:8; 36–1:5

      with dragon, 32–2:29–30

      with wang (king) character (cover bottle), 30–2:3

      Wusong and, 39–1:3

    Tortoise, 30–2:14

    Turtle, 34–2:11

      dragon–headed, 33–3:7

      snake and, 33–2:6

    Twelve birds, 34–1:20

    Two Immortals, 45–2:39

    Walnut, 30–1:27

    Wannianqing (Rhodea japonica), 36–1:5–6

    Warrior with banner, 34–2:10

    Wasp, 36–3:14

      monkey and, 36–3:10

    Watches, 35–3:17

    Waves, 39–1:8–9

    Wickerwork/basket

      cover bottle, 30–3:3

      imitation of ancient styles, 32–3:11–12

    Wine jar, 38–3:3

    Woodcutter, 31–2:19

    Wuniu chanyue, 30–1:23–24

    Wusong, 39–1:3

    Xiyou ji (novel), 34–2:11; 36–3:7, 8, 12, 14–16

    Xuanwu, 33–2:6

    Yin–yang, 32–1:11, 14; 33–3:5; 34–2:10–11; 38–3:3

    Zhang Daoling, 33–2:8–9

    Zhao Gongming, 30–4:12

    Zhong Kue, 30–1:3

    Zhong Kui, 31–1:33, 33–2:8; 45–3:6

    Zodiacal animals, 30–1:11; 30–4:8; 31–3:21; 32–2:16; 33–2:7; 34–2:4; 35–2:21; 36–3:6; 38–2:15

 

R

REIGN MARKS

    Absence of, 31–2:18

    Assessment, 31–2:15–18

    Daoguang, 31–2:17–18; 34–3:8; 36–2:24; 38–3:3, 40; 39–1:26–27

    Imperial porcelain, 31–2:16–17

    Jiaqing, 31–2:17; 34–3:8; 36–2:24; 38–1:3; 38–3:3; 39–1:26

    Jingdezhen porcelain, 39–1:5–6

    Kangxi, 31–3:24; 34–3:39; 36–1:15; 36–2:4; 37–1:29; 39–3:37

    Ming, 39–1:27

    placement, 39–1:6–7

    porcelain bottles, 39–1:25–26

    Porcelain snuff bottles, 31–3:24

    Qianlong, 31–2:16–17; 31–3:24; 34–3:7, 8, 9, 13; 35–3:38; 36–2:19; 38–1:3, 28–30, 31–32; 38–3:40; 39–1:5, 6, 21, 25–26, 28, 29; 39–2:49; 39–3:37

    Qing, 31–2:15–16; 31–3:24; 38–1:28–30

    Scripts for, 34–3:7–10

    Tongzhi, 36–2:27

    Yongzheng, 31–2:15; 34–3:9; 39–1:27–28

 

S

SEAL MARKS, 35–3:8

    Chen Mingyuan, 30–1:27

    Qianlong, 30–1:8, 10; 30–4:3

    Yang He Tang, 30–1:27

    Yangzhou, 30–4:35

SNUFF DISHES AND ACCESSORIES, 39–3:29

    Auctions

      New York 1998, 30–3:25

      New York 1999, 31–2:36

      New York 2002, 34–1:35

    Metal snuff dish with yin–yang symbol, 33–3:5

STOPPERS, 35–3:39; 37–2:25

    Official’s–hat form, 31–3:8; 35–3:39

 

T

TRIPLE BOTTLES, Daoguang porcelain, 31-2:8